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2018年9月29日丨团队活动比个人活动能教我们更多生活技能

2018-10-10 16:33:32来源:新航道作者:广州新航道学校

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2018年9月29日雅思大作文题目

Team/group activities can teach more important skills for life than those activities which are played alone. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.


解析&审题

9月29日的雅思写作要求我们讨论的话题涉及我们从事的活动,尤其是体育活动。就学习生活技能而言,参加团队活动比参加个人活动更重要吗?

这类问题,我们的写作思路不外乎有三个:(1)团队活动比个人活动更重要;(2)个人活动比团队活动更重要;(3)团队活动很重要,但个人活动也很重要。

唐老师认为,在这个题目中,团队活动和个人活动并不是相互排斥的(mutually exclusive),因此我们完全可以辩证地认为这两种活动对于我们培养生活技能而言都很重要,而一旦采取这个思路,我们要解决的问题就变成:团队活动和个人活动各有利于培养哪些生活技能?因此,我们就有必要对生活技能进行分类:自信、责任心、社交能力、合作精神……,然后论证这些能力到底应该在团队活动还是在个人活动中来培养。比如,我们可以论证个人活动有利于培养我们的自信和责任心,而团队活动有利于培养社交能力和合作精神。

因此,本题立论的核心就是找出题目中的life skills这一关键词,将其进行分类,再结合另外两个关键词即group activities和activities played alone进行分别讨论。
分类讨论,这是雅思写作的一个很有用的思维,也能体现考生的批判思维能力。

老师笔记

01

Are activities played as a team better than those played individually when it comes to learning life skills? The answer, I think, depends on the life skills in question —self-reliance, responsibility, cooperation, sportsmanship, or the ability to feel happy.

在学习生活技能方面,团队活动是否比个人活动更好?我认为,答案取决于在讨论的生活技能——自力更生、责任感、合作能力、体育精神还是感受幸福的能力。

解析
(1)本段为引入段:本次范文的引入段比较直接,用问答开始,然后亮出自己的观点:哪种活动更好取决于在讨论的生活技能是什么。
(2)individually 个体地;个人地
(3)when it comes to… 当谈到……
(4)depend on 取决于……
(5)in question 讨论中的
(6)sportsmanship 体育精神

02

Activities that are played alone can develop the sense of self-reliance and responsibility in young people. This is because in such activities, success is entirely a matter of personal efforts, and young people will have to learn to rely on themselves and consider the consequences of their own decisions and actions. Further, playing alone requires one to motivate oneself as there is no team pressure and there is nobody else to blame for failure. This intrinsic motivation as a life skill is perhaps more powerful than external motivation in a team. Further still, people can perhaps derive more happiness and satisfaction from their success in individual sports, and this sense of self-recognition is an essential skill in their work and life.

独自从事的活动可以培养年轻人的自立感和责任感。这是因为在这样的活动中,成功完全是个人努力的问题,年轻人必须学会依靠自己,并考虑自己的决定和行动的后果。此外,个体活动需要激励自己,因为没有团队压力,没有别人为失败负责。作为一种生活技能的内在动机也许比团队中的外在动机更强大。此外,人们可能从个人运动的成功中获得更多的幸福和满足,这种自我认同感是他们工作和生活中必不可少的技能。

解析
(1) 本段论述个人从事的活动对培养生活技能的重要性,包括自强、责任心、内在驱动力、自我认同,等。
(2)  consequence 后果
(3)  motivate 激励
(4)  intrinsic 内在的
(5)  derive … from… 从……获得……
(6)  self-recognition 自我认同



03
Group activities such as team sports can teach at least three life skills that benefit young people forever. Firstly, the social aspect of group activities might be what appeals to young people in the first place. Participation in such activities gives young people an opportunity to spend time with peers in a learning environment and practice their social skills. Secondly, by learning to positively handle the winning and losing outcome in group activities, young people can foster their fair-play sportsmanship, a trait extremely important both in their youth-hood and adulthood. Thirdly, group activities will help people understand the value of cooperation. They will get to know that working as a team is key to success in life, though this sometimes might mean personal sacrifices.

团体活动,如团队运动,至少可以教三种让年轻人永远受益的生活技能。首先,群体活动的社会方面可能就是最吸引年轻人的因素。参加这样的活动使年轻人有机会在学习环境中与同龄人共度时光,并锻炼他们的社交技能。其次,通过学习积极地处理群体活动中的胜负,年轻人可以培养他们公平竞争的体育精神,这是他们青年时期和成年时期都极为重要的特征。第三,群体活动有助于人们理解合作的价值。他们会知道,团队合作是人生成功的关键,尽管有时这可能意味着个人的牺牲。

解析
(1) 本段讨论团队活动对培养人们(尤其是年轻人)社交能力,体育精神和合作精神的作用。
(2)  appeal to 吸引
(3)  foster 培养
(4)  sacrifice 牺牲

04
To conclude, though group activities can teach people many important life skills, people can gain a lot of other essential skills from solo activities as well. As it is hard to tell which set of skills is more important, we cannot reach the consensus of opinion as to which kind of activities is more useful in the development of our life skills.

总之,虽然团体活动可以教会人们许多重要的生活技能,但是人们也可以从个体活动中获得许多其他的基本技能。因为很难说哪组技能更重要,我们无法就哪种活动更有助于发展我们的生活技能达成共识。

解析
(1)本段为结论段,总结前文观点,同时直接回答题目问题:我们无法断定是团队活动还是个人活动更重要。
(2)essential 核心的;重要的
(3)consensus of opinion 一致意见
(4)as to 关于



向上滑动阅览
7分范文
Are activities played as a team better than those played individually when it comes to learning life skills? The answer, I think, depends on the life skills in question —self-reliance, responsibility, cooperation, sportsmanship, or the ability to feel happy.

Activities that are played alone can develop the sense of self-reliance and responsibility in young people. This is because in such activities, success is entirely a matter of personal efforts, and young people will have to learn to rely on themselves and consider the consequences of their own decisions and actions. Further, playing alone requires one to motivate oneself as there is no team pressure and there is nobody else to blame for failure. This intrinsic motivation as a life skill is perhaps more powerful than external motivation in a team. Further still, people can perhaps derive more happiness and satisfaction from their success in individual sports, and this sense of self-recognition is an essential skill in their work and life.

Group activities such as team sports can teach at least three life skills that benefit young people forever. Firstly, the social aspect of group activities might be what appeals to young people in the first place. Participation in such activities gives young people an opportunity to spend time with peers in a learning environment and practice their social skills. Secondly, by learning to positively handle the winning and losing outcome in group activities, young people can foster their fair-play sportsmanship, a trait extremely important both in their youth-hood and adulthood. Thirdly, group activities will help people understand the value of cooperation. They will get to know that working as a team is key to success in life, though this sometimes might mean personal sacrifices.

To conclude, though group activities can teach people many important life skills, people can gain a lot of other essential skills from solo activities as well. As it is hard to tell which set of skills is more important, we cannot reach the consensus of opinion as to which kind of activities is more useful in the development of our life skills.
(346 words)

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